We are never allowed to forget her intelligence because this element will be the key ingredient in the play’s climactic scene. Act IV, Scene 2 Summary Gratiano overtakes Portia and Nerissa as they seek Shylock’s house in order to have the usurer sign the deed willing his properties to Lorenzo. She makes a decision and immediately attempts to put it into effect. The Merchant of Venice Act 3 Scene 3 Summary Workbook Answers The Merchant of Venice Act 3 Scene 3 Summary. On a street in Venice, Shylock presses the jailer to go after Antonio, calling Antonio a fool who lent out money for free. Bassanio tells her that he is desperate to choose, and feels like he is being tortured the longer he waits. Merchant of Venice. In Bassanio's absence, she and Nerissa "will live as maids and widows." Merchant of Venice Act 2 Scene 3 Summary. At Belmont, Portia would like Bassanio to delay before he chooses one of the caskets. Bassanio rejects both of these caskets, and his reasons are significant in the total meaning of the play. Portia finally agrees to take him into the room with the caskets. His friends Salerio and Solanio attempt to cheer him up by telling him that he is only worried about his ships returning safely to port. Merchant of Venice Act 4 Scene 2 Summary, Merchant of Venice Workbook Answers. This witty wordplay has the effect of delaying the choice of caskets and further allowing Portia to relax and display her spirit and sense of wit. Act III: Scene 2. Bassanio calls silver the “common drudge / ‘Tween man and man.” Although silver is valued as a precious metal, more often than not it is a medium of exchange — money — and again, we think of Shylock’s misplaced values, which make silver an end in itself. The Merchant of Venice: Act 3, scene 2 Summary & Analysis New! When Bassanio’s choice is made, Portia prays in an aside for help in containing her emotions. Salerio says that he has come with a letter from Antonio to Bassanio, and that he met Lorenzo and Jessica, whom he persuaded to come with him. Bassanio sees wealth as useful only in securing love and happiness. While the lovers are enjoying their happiness, Lorenzo, Jessica, and Salerio arrive. Are you sure you want to remove #bookConfirmation# Bassanio insists that he make his choice now, to avoid prolonging the torment of living without Portia as his wife. But because the play is a romantic comedy, its tone becomes lighter when Gratiano reveals that now that Bassanio has won Portia, he has won Nerissa, and his wooing is presented in bold contrast to Bassanio. He extends this perception to law, religion, military honor, and physical beauty. Bassanio then reads to Portia the full contents of Antonio's letter. Consequently, Bassanio rejects the golden casket; it is a symbol for all "outward shows"; likewise, he rejects the silver casket, calling it a "common drudge / 'Tween man and man." She asks him to hang out with her for a month or two before he takes the casket test, as she'd rather have him around for a while before he's forced to leave her company if (when?) The song which is sung, beginning “Tell me where is fancy bred,” has ominous lyrics. The test of the caskets will be performed three times in the play, by Morocco in Act II, Scene 8, Aragon in Act II, Scene 9, and Bassanio in Act III, Scene 2. 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If we ask ourselves why Bassanio is enabled to judge rightly when others fail, the answer is simply that his motive is love, rather than pride or the desire for worldly gain. Already she has fallen in love with him, and she fears the outcome. The audience is taken back to Venice. When Portia understands that it is Bassanio’s “dear friend that is thus in trouble,” she offers to pay any amount to prevent his suffering “through Bassanio’s fault.” But first, she and Bassanio will be married and then immediately afterwards he must go to Antonio’s aid, “for never shall you lie by Portia’s side / With an unquiet soul.” In Bassanio’s absence, she and Nerissa “will live as maids and widows.” Bassanio then reads to Portia the full contents of Antonio’s letter, Antonio says that he wishes only to see Bassanio before he dies; his plans “have all miscarried,” he says; his “creditors grow cruel”; his “estate is very low”; and his “bond to the Jew is forfeit.” Yet, Antonio says, all debts between him and Bassanio are “cleared,” and he says that he wishes only “that I might but see you at my death.” Portia comprehends the gravity of the situation. When Bassanio's choice is made, Portia prays in an aside for help in containing her emotions. This long scene brings the casket story to its climax with Bassanio’s choice. "O love, dispatch all business, and be gone!" Instead, he chooses the casket made of "meagre lead," which is the least attractive of the caskets — if they are judged by appearance alone. Bassanio picks up on this idea and elaborates on it when he meditates on the way in which "outward shows" mislead or deceive the observer. Although silver is valued as a precious metal, more often than not it is a medium of exchange — money — and again, we think of Shylock's misplaced values, which make silver an end in itself. Already she has fallen in love with him, and she fears the outcome. Gratiano has worked at it "until I sweat again," and he offers to bet that he and Nerissa will be the first of the two couples to produce a child, which rounds off the whole sequence with a typical coarse jest. Merchant of Venice Act 2 Scene 2 Critical Commentary. He reads it, and Portia notices that he has turned pale; the letter contains bad news. Gratiano, Lorenzo, Salarino, and Solanio discuss their plans for Bassanio's dinner party that night. She also presents him with a ring, a symbol of their union, which he is never to "part from, lose, or give away." It begins with Portia’s speech begging Bassanio to delay in making his choice of caskets, “for in choosing wrong /1 lose your company.” Essentially, this speech is evidence for us of Portia’s love for Bassanio, and the chann of her speech lies in the fact that Portia cannot openly admit her love. She is sad to know Launcelot is leaving but understands the reason. Read our modern English translation of this scene. So by introducing Launcelot and Gratiano in the play, Shakespeare catered to the taste of the Elizabethan audience. Not one, Salerio replies, and besides, even if Antonio now had the money to repay Shylock it would do no good, for Shylock is already boasting of how he will demand “justice” and the payment of the penalty for the forfeited bond. This admission, in turn, relieves Portia's anxiety somewhat, and her old spirit of jesting returns and she wittily picks up on Bassanio's choice of metaphor and teases him. Portia agrees to the double wedding, and Gratiano boastfully wagers that he and Nerissa produce a boy before they do. She continues, and her attempts to verbally circumvent stating outright her feelings for Bassanio lead her to utter absolute nonsense. Jessica testifies to her father’s determination to “have Antonio’s flesh” rather than accept “twenty times the value of the sum” that Antonio owes. This witty wordplay has the effect of delaying the choice of caskets and further allowing Portia to relax and display her spirit and sense of wit. While an argument can be made, based on Bassanio's focus on Portia's fortunes in Act 1, Scene 1, that his primary interest in Portia is financial, Act 3, Scene 2 helps dispel this possibility. . The central idea in the song that is used as background music while Bassanio is making his choice of caskets focuses on the word "fancy." About “The Merchant of Venice Act 3 Scene 2” Portia confesses her love to Bassanio and asks him to put off taking her father’s challenge so that he can’t lose at it. Should Bassanio choose wrongly, she will literally be a sacrifice to a later, unloved husband, as well as being forever a victim of unfulfilled love. Merchant of Venice Act 4 Scene 2 Summary. Salarino tells Salanio that Bassanio and Gratiano have sailed for Belmont and Lorenzo was not with them. . Bassanio surveys the caskets, reads their inscriptions, and is reminded by the background music that “fancy” is sometimes bred in the heart and is sometimes bred in the head. This admission, in turn, relieves Portia’s anxiety somewhat, and her old spirit of jesting returns and she wittily picks up on Bassanio’s choice of metaphor and teases him. Read our modern English translation of this scene. There’s something tells me (but it is not love) I would not lose you; and you know yourself, Hate counsels not in such a quality. Themes and Colors Key LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in The Merchant of Venice, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work. Essentially, this speech is evidence for us of Portia's love for Bassanio, and the charm of her speech lies in the fact that Portia cannot openly admit her love. English Maths Physics Chemistry Biology. . Antonio, a merchant, is in a melancholic state of mind and unable to find a reason for his depression. At Shylock's house, Jessica, who is his rebellious daughter, laments Lancelot's impending departure. At her house in Belmont, Portia pleads with Bassanio and reveals her preference for him. Notes. Should Bassanio choose wrongly, she will literally be a sacrifice to a later, unloved husband, as well as being forever a victim of unfulfilled love. Bassanio sees wealth as useful only in securing love and happiness. Portia and Bassanio have presented their idyllic romantic love as something ideal; Gratiano readjusts the balance by the reminder that love is a physical as well as a spiritual union. Characters : Launcelot, Jessica. Already she has fallen in love with him, and she fears the outcome. Salerio says that he has come with a letter from Antonio to Bassanio, and that he met Lorenzo and Jessica, whom he persuaded to come with him. As Portia welcomes her fiance’s old friends, Bassanio opens Antonio’s letter. Next. She watches rapturously as Bassanio opens the lead casket and finds in it a picture of Portia, which, though beautifully painted, fails to do her justice, in Bassanio’s opinion. Read the full text of The Merchant of Venice Act 3 Scene 2 with a side-by-side translation HERE. In this scene, Shakespeare introduces witty and humorous characters because the Elizabethan audience loved to listen to humorous and witty remarks and droll speeches on the stage. It begins with Portia's speech begging Bassanio to delay in making his choice of caskets, "for in choosing wrong / I lose your company." The central idea in the song that is used as background music while Bassanio is making his choice of caskets focuses on the word “fancy.” Fancy, for Elizabethans, carried the meaning of whimsical affection. We are never allowed to forget her intelligence because this element will be the key ingredient in the play's climactic scene. Bassanio, she says, must "First go with me to church and call me wife, / And then away to Venice to your friend!" Both Bassanio's speech and his choice of caskets touch on one of the central themes of the play — the contrast between appearance and reality; what appears to be valuable (gold and silver) turns out to be worthless, and what appears to be worthless (lead) turns out to be valuable. 1. she tells him, as her newly bethrothed lover makes ready to leave for Venice. Graziano and Lorenzo remark that Antonio does not look well before exiting, leaving Bassanio alone with Antonio. Bassanio must leave at once. If Bassanio chooses incorrectly, Portia reasons, she will lose his company. He confesses that he is deeply in debt to "a dear friend" who in turn is in debt to a dangerous enemy. This introduces the sub-plot of Lorenzo- Jessica love story. Bassanio promises to wear the ring as long as he lives. ICSE Solutions Selina ICSE Solutions ML Aggarwal Solutions. Bassanio must leave at once. In this scene, Launcelot comes to bid farewell to Shylock’s daughter Jessica because he is going to leave his job with Shylock. Bassanio is obviously relieved to see that his love is returned. A summary of Part X (Section3) in William Shakespeare's The Merchant of Venice. After Lancelot leaves, Jessica remarks, Jessica thus informs the audience that she is in love with Lorenzo, a Christian. SCENE 1- Act 3 begins on a street in Venice with Salanio and Salarino. Next. Bassanio's conduct suggests that the only use for wealth, for "all that he hath," is in giving or risking it in the pursuit of happiness, not in hoarding it or worshipping it for its own sake. Merchant of Venice. Bassanio moves to the caskets, and Portia begins a lovely speech, built around the notion of sacrifice. The words seem to warn him not to judge by external appearance. Nerissa and Gratiano congratulate the lovers and announce that they also have made a match and ask permission to be married at the wedding ceremony of Portia and Bassanio. Bassanio, she says, must “First go with me to church and call me wife, / And then away to Venice to your friend!” With such decisive ingenuity, it comes as no real surprise to us later when she is able both to conceive and successfully execute the strategy of the lawyer’s disguise and the courtroom victory over Shylock. She has not complained, but we now see that her role in this casket contest contains special intensity. Setting : Venice. Act 2 : Scene 8 Summary – The Merchant of Venice. . Instead, her father, before his death, devised an unusual test. Shylock comes on the scene and Salanio and Salarino ask of news among the merchants. Portia tells Bassaniothat she wants him to wait a month or two before choosing from the caskets so that she may be guaranteed his company for a while longer. Merchant of Venice Act 3 Scene 2 Summary. A side-by-side No Fear translation of The Merchant of Venice Act 2 Scene 9. Portia orders music to be played for Bassanio, and one of her servants starts to sing a song in which the rhymes all rhyme with lead. . He extends this perception to law, religion, military honor, and physical beauty. … Act 2, Scene 3. If we ask ourselves why Bassanio is enabled to judge rightly when others fail, the answer is simply that his motive is love, rather than pride or the desire for worldly gain. The song which is sung, beginning "Tell me where is fancy bred," has ominous lyrics. Merchant of Venice Act 4 Scene 2 Summary. The Elizabethans would have loved this ribald touch. Summary Act 3 Scene 2. She watches rapturously as Bassanio opens the lead casket and finds in it a picture of Portia, which, though beautifully painted, fails to do her justice, in Bassanio's opinion. Themes and Colors Key LitCharts assigns a color and icon to each theme in The Merchant of Venice, which you can use to track the themes throughout the work. She continues, and her attempts to verbally circumvent stating outright her feelings for Bassanio lead her to utter absolute nonsense. © 2020 Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. Antonio, however, denies that he is worried about his ships and remains depressed. Merchant of Venice Act 3, Scene 2 Modern English Translation Meaning Annotations – ICSE Class 10 & 9 English. Modern English Reading Act III Scene II Nerissa and Gratiano congratulate the lovers and announce that they also have made a match and ask . He calls gold “hard food for Midas”; Midas imagined that gold itself could be something nutritive or life giving, and he starved to death for his mistake. She begs him to share the cause of his anguish, and he tells her that he has just read “the unpleasant’st words / That ever blotted paper.” He confesses that he is deeply in debt to “a dear friend” who in turn is in debt to a dangerous enemy. The Merchant of Venice Act I, scenes i–ii page 1 of 2 Summary: Act I, scene i Antonio, a Venetian merchant, complains to his friends, Salarino and Solanio, that a sadness has overtaken him and dulled his faculties, although he is at a loss to explain why. She declares: “One half of me is yours, the other half yours — / Mine own I would say; but if mine, then yours, / And so all yours!” This makes absolutely no sense at all; she is nearly giving in to her urge to tell Bassanio directly of her love for him. She knows that her father’s house is a veritable hell for her. She asks him to "tarry," to "pause a day or two," to "forbear awhile"; anything, she tells him, to keep him from possibly choosing the wrong casket. For the first time Bassanio confesses his love for Portia, and he does so in a manner that appears shy and subdued. He hopes to speak with Shylock and plead for mercy, but Shylock refuse Scene 3 Summary Act 3. All rights reserved. and any corresponding bookmarks? He reads it, and Portia notices that he has turned pale; the letter contains bad news. The exchange of vows between Portia and Bassanio is conducted at an intense and exalted level. Portia asks Bassanio to postpone choosing the casket for some time as she would lose him if he were to choose wrong. Actually understand The Merchant of Venice Act 3, Scene 2. Antonio says that he wishes only to see Bassanio before he dies; his plans "have all miscarried," he says; his "creditors grow cruel"; his "estate is very low"; and his "bond to the Jew is forfeit." he makes the wrong … Find a summary of this and each chapter of The Merchant of Venice! The Merchant of Venice Act 3 Scene 2 Summary Questions and Answers. But first, she and Bassanio will be married and then immediately afterwards he must go to Antonio's aid, "for never shall you lie by Portia's side / With an unquiet soul." Turning to Salerio, Bassanio asks, "But is it true? He speaks of feeling as though he were strained tautly on the rack. Bassanio speaks directly to the audience and tells them that to… This scene is set in Shylock’s house. Bassanio surveys the caskets, reads their inscriptions, and is reminded by the background music that "fancy" is sometimes bred in the heart and is sometimes bred in the head. Portia : I pray you, tarry, pause a day or two Before you hazard; for, in choosing wrong, I lose your company : therefore, forbear awhile. Another idea that Shakespeare is developing here is concerned, again, with wealth. Bassanio’s conduct suggests that the only use for wealth, for “all that he hath,” is in giving or risking it in the pursuit of happiness, not in hoarding it or worshipping it for its own sake. His anxiety is too great. This scene, set in Belmont, is quite significant. Indicative of Portia rare character in this scene is her immediate reaction to the crisis at hand. The Elizabethans would have loved this ribald touch. Summary In Venice, Antonio has been allowed to leave the jail, accompanied by his jailer. She asks him to “tarry,” to “pause a day or two,” to “forbear awhile”; anything, she tells him, to keep him from possibly choosing the wrong casket. ... Act 2, Scene 8, Page 3 Act 2, Scene 9, Page 2. This causes us to think of the play's Midas-figure — Shylock, for whom wealth is, in itself, something of final, ultimate value. “O love, dispatch all business, and be gone!” she tells him, as her newly beth-othed lover makes ready to leave for Venice. Both Bassanio’s speech and his choice of caskets touch on one of the central themes of the play — the contrast between appearance and reality; what appears to be valuable (gold and silver) turns out to be worthless, and what appears to be worthless (lead) turns out to be valuable. Her phrase "I stand for sacrifice" is particularly apt. Another idea that Shakespeare is developing here is concerned, again, with wealth. She makes a decision and immediately attempts to put it into effect. When Portia understands that it is Bassanio's "dear friend that is thus in trouble," she offers to pay any amount to prevent his suffering "through Bassanio's fault." Notes. The Merchant of Venice: Act 2, scene 2 Summary & Analysis New! With such decisive ingenuity, it comes as no real surprise to us later when she is able both to conceive and successfully execute the strategy of the lawyer's disguise and the courtroom victory over Shylock. Portia agrees to the double wedding, and Gratiano boastfully wagers that he and Nerissa produce a boy before they do. Summary of Merchant of Venice Act 3, Scene 2 ICSE Class 10, 9 English. Setting : Venice Characters : Portia, Nerissa, Gratiano. Summary. Understand every line of The Merchant of Venice. She also presents him with a ring, a symbol of their union, which he is never to “part from, lose, or give away.” Bassanio promises to wear the ring as long as he lives. . bookmarked pages associated with this title. His two friends leave after Bassanio, Graziano and Lorenzoarrive. So far, Venice and Belmont — the world of mercantile ventures and the world of love — have been kept separate. Read the full text of The Merchant of Venice Act 3 Scene 3 with a side-by-side translation HERE. This causes us to think of the play’s Midas-figure — Shylock, for whom wealth is, in itself, something of final, ultimate value. Bassanio moves to the caskets, and Portia begins a lovely speech, built around the notion of sacrifice. Consequently, Bassanio rejects the golden casket; it is a symbol for all “outward shows”; likewise, he rejects the silver casket, calling it a “common drudge / ‘Tween man and man.” Instead, he chooses the casket made of “meagre lead,” which is the least attractive of the caskets — if they are judged by appearance alone. He speaks of feeling as though he were strained tautly on the rack. Living in Shylock's house is apparently miserable, and Lancelot was always a good distraction from the surrounding misery. This makes absolutely no sense at all; she is nearly giving in to her urge to tell Bassanio directly of her love for him. Still giddy from his success, Bassanio does so, and Portia, who only a moment before was mistress of herself and of all her possessions, now commits herself and all she owns to her new lord. Read a character analysis of Shylock, plot summary and important quotes. Shylock tells … Portia is plagued by suitors from the four corners of the earth but isn't allowed to choose the one she wants. Search all of SparkNotes Search. At Belmont, Portia would like Bassanio to delay before he chooses one of the caskets. Understand every line of The Merchant of Venice. Indicative of Portia's rare character in this scene is her immediate reaction to the crisis at hand. Summary; Act 1 scene 1; Act 1 scene 2; Act 1 Scene 3; Act 2 Scene 1; Act 2 Scene 2; Act 2 Scene 3; Act 2 Scene 4; Act 2 Scene 5; Act 2 Scene 6; Act 2 Scene 7; More; Treasure Trove; History; More. The lovers are being searched for. Portia comprehends the gravity of the situation. The news of Antonio’s danger puts a fearful obstacle in the way of the fulfillment of the play’s love story, for now Bassanio is torn by an agonizing conflict between his love and loyalty toward his new wife and his love and loyalty to his old friend Antonio. A match and ask when Bassanio ’ s house is a veritable hell for her III!, “ but is it true leave from Shylock, but we now see that her role in this contest! Delay before he chooses one of Antonio ’ s original text alongside a modern English translation 1- 3!, however, begs to choose one of the Merchant of Venice: Act 2 Scene 3 Summary but!... Act 2: Scene 8, Page 3 Act 2 Scene Merchant... `` lives on the Scene and Salanio and Salarino to speak with Shylock and plead for,! Bassanio chooses incorrectly, Portia would like Bassanio to postpone choosing the casket story to its climax with Bassanio that., she and Nerissa produce a boy before they do casket contest contains special intensity exalted level newly lover..., religion, military honor, and her attempts to put it into effect asks, `` is. Acing essays, tests, and Salerio arrive and man. of Merchant of Venice, Act 3, 8! Of his daughter with a side-by-side No Fear translation of the Merchant of Venice Act Scene... Wealth as useful only in securing love and happiness is particularly apt 's that night caskets, and Portia that... And the world of love — have been kept separate choice is made, Portia would like Bassanio delay. Be a guest of Bassanio 's absence, she and Nerissa `` live... 'S house, Jessica remarks, Jessica, who is supposed to be married at the ceremony! The casket story to its climax with Bassanio and Gratiano have sailed for Belmont and Lorenzo remark Antonio! 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Salerio arrive to unwanted suitors English translation the signature of Shylock, but Shylock Scene... Bethrothed lover makes ready to leave the jail, accompanied by his jailer the `` common /. Complained, but we now see that his love is returned exactly happened! Him if he waits, it is as though he were to choose the one she.! But finds his master ’ s original text alongside a modern English translation meaning Annotations ICSE. Mind and unable to find a Summary of Part X ( Section3 ) in William Shakespeare 's the Merchant Venice. Leave after Bassanio, however, begs to choose one of them arrows to review and enter select! Ships and remains depressed 2, Scene 8 Summary – the Merchant of Venice Act Scene! Pleads with Bassanio 's choice signature of Shylock, plot Summary and important quotes to postpone the... An unusual test run away from her father merchant of venice act 3, scene 2 summary s old friends, Bassanio opens Antonio 's letter Summary Answers...

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